Tablas de vapor y agua sobrecalentada

Tablas de vapor y agua sobrecalentada gy marysabclpaz 110R5pR 15, 2011 257 pagos cen84gsg_ch18-ap01. xd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page gog Appendix 1 PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) Table A-l Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties Table A- 2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases Table A- 3 Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods Table A 4 Saturated water—Temperature table Table A—5 Saturated water—Pressure table Table A-6 Superheated water Table A 7 Compressed liquid water Table A-8 Saturated ice-water vapor Figure ,4-9 T-s diagram for water Figure A-IO Mollier diagram or water Table A-11 Saturated refrigerant-134a— Temperature table Table A-12 Saturated refri erant-1 34a— Pressure table Table A-1 3 Superhea re A-14 p-h diagram or257 for refrigerant-134a r O rt generalized compressibility chart ble rtie f the atmosphere s of air able A—18 at high altitude Table Ideal-gas properties g Ideal-gas Swipe to next page properties of oxygen, 02 Table A-20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, C02 Table A-21 Ideal- gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO Table A-22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2 Table A-23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H20 Table A—24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic xygen, O Table A-25 deal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH able A-26 Enthalpy offormation, Gibbs function of formation, and absolute entropy at 250C, 1 atm Table A-27 Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons Table A-28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium constant Kp Figure A-29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart Figure A—30 Generalized entropy departure chart Figure A-31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure Table A 32 One-dimensional isentropic compressible-flow functions for an ideal gas with k 1. 4 Table A-33 One-dimensional normal-shock functions for an ideal gas with k 1. 4 Table A-34 Rayleigh flow unctions for an ideal gas with k 1. 4 909 cen84959 ch18-ap01 . qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM page 910 910 Thermodynamics TABLE A – 1 cen84959_ch18-ap01 . qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 910 TABLE A- 1 Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties Gas constant, R 02870 0. 4882 0,2081 0. 1064 0,0520 o. 1430 0. 1889 0. 2968 0. 05405 0. 1173 0. 06964 0. 06876 0. 08078 02765 0. 1805 0. 2964 2,0769 0,09647 41240 0,09921 0,5182 0. 2595 0. 1647 0. 4119 02968 0. 1889 0. 2598 0. 1885 0. 1976 0. 1298 0. 08149 0. 06052 0. 4615 0. 6332 Critical-point properties Temperature, K 132. 5 405. 5 151 562 584 425. 2 304. 2 133 556. 4 417 536. 384. 7 451. 7 305. 5 516 282. 4 5. 3 507. 9 33. 3 209. 4 191. 1 513. 2 416. 3 44. 5 126. 2 309. 7 154. 8 370 365 430. 7 374. 2 471. 2 647. 1 289. 8 Pressure, MPa 3. 77 11. 28 4. 86 4. 92 10. 34 3. 80 7. 39 3. 50 4. 56 7. 71 5. 47 4. 01 5. 17 4. 48 6. 38 5. 12 0. 23 3. 03 1. 30 5. 50 4. 64 7. 95 6. 68 2. 73 3. 39 7. 27 5. 08 4. 26 4. 62 7. 88 4. 059 4. 38 22. 06 5. 88 Volume, m3/kmoI 0,0883 0,0724 0,0749 0,2603 0. 1355 0. 2547 0. 0943 0. 0930 02759 0. 1242 0. 2403 0. 2179 0. 1 973 0. 148C O. 1673 0. 1242 0. 0578 0. 3677 0. 0649 0. 0924 0. 0993 0. 1180 0. 1430 0. 0417 0. 0899 0. 0961 0. 780 0. 0. 1673 0. 1242 0. 0578 0. 677 0. 0649 0. 0924 0. 0993 0. 1 180 0. 143C 0. 0417 0. 0899 0. 0961 0. 0780 0. 1998 0. 1810 0. 1217 0. 1 993 0. 2478 0. 056C 0. 1 186 Substance Air Ammonia Argon Benzene Bromine n-Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Carbon tetrachloride Chlorine Chloroform Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) Dichlorofluoromethane (R-21) Ethane Ethyl alcohol Ethylene Helium n-Hexane Hydrogen (normal) Krypton Methane Methyl alcohol Methyl chloride Neon Nitrogen Nitrous oxide Oxygen Propane Propylene Sulfur dioxide Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a) Trichlorofluoromethane (R-1 1) Water Xenon Formula — NI-E Ar C6H6 C4Hl O C02 CO CC14 C12 CHC13

CC12F2 CHC12F C2H6 C2H50H C2H4 He C6H14 H2 Kr CH4 CH30H CH3Cl Ne N2 N20 02 C3H8 C3H6 S02 CF3CH2F CC13F H20 xe Molar mass, M kg/kmol 28. 97 17. 03 39. 948 78. 115 159. 808 58. 124 44. 01 28. 011 153. 82 70. 906 119. 38 120. 91 102. 92 30. 070 46. 07 28. 054 4. 003 86. 179 2. 01 6 83. 80 1 6. 043 32. 042 50. 488 20. 183 28. 013 44. 013 31. 999 44. 097 42. 081 64. 063 102. 03 137. 37 18. 015 131. 30 *The unit kJ/kg Kis equivalent to kPa • m3/kg • K. 42. 081 64. 063 102. 03 137. 37 18. 015 131 . 30 *The unit kJ/kg• K is equivalent to kPa • m3/kg • K. The gas constant calculated from R mass. Ru ‘M, where Ru 8. 1447 kJ/kmol • K and M is the molar Source: K. A. Kobe and R. E. Lynn, Jr. Chemical Review 52 (1 953), pp. 117-236; and ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers, Inc. , 1993), pp. 15. 4 and 35. 1. cen84959_ch18-ap01. qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM page 911 Appendix 1 TABLE A-2 Ideal-gas specific heats ofvarious common gases (a) At 300 K Gas Air Argon Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Ethane Ethylene Helium Hydrogen Methane Neon Nitrogen Octane Oxygen Propane Steam Formula — Ar C4H10 C02 CO C2H6 C2H4 He H2 CH4 Ne N2 C8H18 02 C3H8 H20 Gas constant, R kJ/kg K . 287C 0. 2081 0. 1433 0. 1 889 0. 2968 0. 2765 0. 2964 2. 0769 4. 124C 0,5182 0. 4119 0. 968 0,0729 02598 0,1885 0. 4615 cp kJ/kg K I . 005 0. 5203 1 64 0. 846 1. 040 1. 7662 1. 5482 5. 1926 14. 307 2. 2537 1. 02gg 1. 039 1. 7113 0. 918 1. 6794 1. 8723 kJ,’kg as? 0. 846 1. 040 1. 7662 1. 5482 5. 1926 14. 307 2. 2537 1. 0299 1. 039 1. 7113 0. 918 1. 6794 1. 8723 cv kJ,’kg • K 0. 718 0. 3122 1 ,5734 0. 657 0. 744 1. 4897 1. 2518 3. 1 156 10. 183 1. 7354 0. 6179 0. 743 1. 6385 0. 658 1,4909 1. 4108 911 k 1. 400 1. 667 1. 091 1. 289 1. 400 1. 186 1. 237 1. 667 1. 405 1. 299 1 . 667 1. 400 1. 044 1. 395 1. 126 1. 327 Note: The unit kJ/kg • K is equivalent to kJ/kg • 0C. Source: Chemical and Process Thermodynamics 3/E by Kyle, B. G. @ 2000. Adapted by permission of Pearson Education, Inc. , IJpper Saddle River, N]. cen84gsg_ch18-ap01. qxd 8/11/06 1:21 PM Page 912 912 TABLE A-2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Continued) (b) At various temperatures cp k]/kg • Kcv kJ/kg • K Air 1. 003 1. 005 1 . 008 1. 013 1 . 020 1. 029 1 . 040 1. 051 1. 063 1. 075 1 . 087 1. 099 1. 121 1. 142 0. 716 0. 721 0. 726 0. 733 0. 742 0. 753 0. 764 0. 776 0. 788 0. 800 0. 812 0. 834 0. 855 1 . 401 1. 400 1 . 398 1. 395 1 ,391 1. 387 1 ,381 1. 76 1. 370 1. 364 1. 359 1. 354 1. 344 1. 336 k cp kJ/kg • K cv kJ/kg • K k cp kJ/kg K cv kJ/kg K k Tem 1. 364 1. 359 1. 354 1. 3441. 36 k cp kJ/kg Kcv Kk cp kJ,’kg • K cv kJ/kg • K k Temperature, K 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 carbon dioxide, C02 0. 791 0. 846 0. 895 0. 939 0. 978 1. 014 1. 046 1 . 075 1. 102 1. 126 1. 148 1. 169 1. 204 1 . 234 0. 602 0. 657 0. 706 0. 750 0. 790 0. 825 0. 857 0. 886 0. 913 0. 937 0. 959 0. 980 1. 015 1. 045 Nitrogen, N2 1. 039 1. 039 1. 041 1. 044 1. 049 1. 056 1. 065 1. 075 1. 086 1. 098 1. 110 1. 121 1. 145 1. 167 0. 742 0. 743 0. 744 0. 747 0. 752 0. 59 0. 768 0. 778 0. 789 0. 801 0. 813 0. 825 0. 849 0. 870 1. 400 1 1. 399 1 ,397 1. 395 1 391 1. 387 1 382 1. 376 1 . 371 1. 365 1 1. 349 1. 341 1. 314 1. 288 1. 268 1 . 252 1. 239 1 229 1. 220 1. 213 1. 207 1 202 1. 197 1. 193 1. 186 1. 181 Carbon monoxide, co 1 . 39 1. 040 1. 043 1. 047 1 . 054 1 . 063 1. 075 I . 087 1. 100 1. 113 1. 126 1. 139 1. 163 1. 185 0. 743 0. 744 0. 746 0. 751 0. 757 0. 767 0. 778 0. 790 0. 803 0. 816 0. 829 0. 842 0. 866 0. 888 oxygen, 02 0. 913 0. 918 0. 928 0. 941 0. 956 0. 972 0. 988 1. 0031. 0171. 031 1. 0431. 0541. 074 1 . ogo 0. 653 0. 658 0. 668 0. 681 0. 596 0. 712 0. 728 0. 743 0. 58 0. 771 0. 783 1. 031 1. 0431. 0541. 074 1 . ogo 0. 653 0. 658 0. 668 0. 681 0. 696 0. 712 0. 728 0. 743 0. 758 0. 771 0. 783 0. 794 0. 814 0. 830 1. 398 1 . 395 1. 389 1 . 382 1. 373 1 . 365 1. 358 1 . 350 1. 343 1 . 337 1. 332 1 ,327 1. 319 1. 313 1. 400 1 1. 398 1 395 1. 392 1. 387 1. 82 1 . 376 1. 370 1 . 364 1. 358 1 . 353 1. 343 1 . 335 HYdrogen, H2 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 goo 1000 14. 051 14. 307 14. 427 14. 476 14. 501 14. 513 14. 530 14. 546 14. 571 14. 604 14. 645 14. 695 14. 822 14. 983 9. 927 10. 183 10. 302 10. 352 10. 377 10. 389 10. 405 10. 422 10. 447 10. 480 10. 521 10. 570 10. 98 10. 859 1. 416 1. 405 1. 400 1. 398 1. 398 1. 397 1. 396 1 . 396 1. 395 1 . 394 1. 392 1 . 390 1. 385 1 . 380 Source: Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1 983), p. 783, Table A-4M. Originally published in Tables of Thermal properties of Gases, NBS Circular 564, 1955. cen84959 ch18-ap01 . xd 8/11/06 1:21 PM page 913 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Concluded) (c) As a function of temperature _ cp a bT 2 dT 3 913 (T in K, cp in kJ/kmol As a function of temperature (T in K, cp in kJ/kmol • K) % error Temperature range, K Max. Avg. 10 10101010101010101010101010 10101010 101010 0101010101010 9999 Substance Nitrogen Oxygen Air Hydrogen Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxlde Water vapor Nitric oxide Nitrous oxide Nitrogen dioxide Ammonia Sulfur Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide Acetylene Benzene Methanol Ethanol Hydrogen chloride Methane Ethane Propane n-3utane i- Butane n-Pentane n-Hexane Ethylene Propylene Formula N2 02 — H2 CO COZ H20 NO N20 N02 NH3 52 SOZ S03 C2H2 C6H6 CH40 C2H60 HCI CH4 C2H6 C3H8 C4HlO C4HIO C5H12 C6H14 C2H4 C3H6 2890 25. 48 28. 11 29. 11 28. 16 22. 26 32. 24 29. 34 24. 11 22. 9 27. 568 27. 21 25. 78 16. 40 21. 8 36. 22 19. 19. 9 30. 33 19. 89 6. 900 4. 04 3. 96 7. 913 6. 774 6. 938 3. 5 3. 15 b 0. 1571 1. 520 0. 1 967 0. 191 6 0. 1675 5. 981 0. 1923 0. 09395 5. 8632 5. 715 2. 5630 2. 218 5. 795 14. 58 g. 2143 48. 475 9. 152 20. 95 0. 762C) 5. 024 17. 27 3048 37. 15 41. 60 45. 43 55. 22 15. 64 23. 83 10 10 10 1010101010101010101 0. 762C 5. 024 17. 27 30. 48 37. 15 41 . 60 45. 43 55. 22 15. 64 23. 83 10 10 101010 101010101010 2222 0. 8081 0. 7155 0. 4802 04003 0. 5372 3. 501 1. 055 0. 9747 3. 562 3. 52 0. 99072 1. 628 3. 812 11. 20 6. 527 31. 57 1 . 22 10. 38 1. 327 I . 269 6. 406 15. 72 18. 34 23. 01 22. 46 28. 65 8. 344 12. 18 10 10 10 10101010 5555 d 2. 873 1. 12 1 ,966 0,8704 2. 222 7. 469 3. 595 4. 87 10. 58 7. 87 6. 6909 3. 986 8. 612 32. 42 18. 21 77. 62 8. 039 20. 05 4. 338 11 . 01 7. 285 31. 74 35. 00 49. 91 42. 29 57. 69 17. 67 24. 62 273-1800 273-1800 273-1800 273-1800 273-1800 273-1800 273-1800 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1800 273-1800 273-1300 273-1500 273-1500 273-1000 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 273-1500 0. 59 1. 19 0. 72 1. 01 0. 89 0. 67 0. 53 0. 97 0. 59 0. 46 0. 91 0. 99 0. 45 0. 29 1. 46 0. 34 0. 18 0. 40 0. 22 1 . 33 0. 83 0. 40 0. 54 0. 25 0. 56 0. 72 0. 54 0. 73 0. 34 0. 28 0. 33 0. 26 0. 37 0. 22 0. 24 0. 36 0. 26 0. 18 0